What Is "Thermocouple"?
Thermocouple temperature sensors are constructed using two dissimilar metals that are joined together. The junctions are called the measuring junction and the reference junction (output terminal side). A thermoelectromotive force is generated between the junctions with a fixed correlation to the temperature providing the difference in temperature.
Therefore, the temperature at the measuring junction can be determined from the thermoelectromotive force when a fixed temperature is maintained at the reference junction.
Thermocouple temperature sensors are capable of measuring the highest temperatures among contact temperature sensors by using this measurement method.